Financial Ratios For Ratio Analysis Examples Formulas

debt ratio

In this case, the liability of the company is $420M ($300M + $120M), but the equity is only $300M so, in the calculation of ROE, only equity will be used. But it’s important to remember that the numbers don’t tell the whole story. For example, compare your net income during one accounting period to that of previous accounting periods.

financial health

A higher level of reinvestment indicates that management sees opportunities to profitably invest more cash in the business. The formula is net profit plus non-cash expenses, divided by total assets. The level of cash flow return reveals how efficiently management is employing company assets. The return on equity measures how much profit a business generates from shareholders’ equity.


CFOs use financial ratios to determine a company’s financial health. In corporate finance, the debt-service coverage ratio is a measurement of the cash flow available to pay current debt obligations. Consider the inventory turnover ratio that measures how quickly a company converts inventory to a sale.

What are the 3 main uses of financial ratios?

  • Comparisons. One of the uses of ratio analysis is to compare a company's financial performance to similar firms in the industry to understand the company's position in the market.
  • Trend line. Companies can also use ratios to see if there is a trend in financial performance.
  • Operational efficiency.

Debt to equity ratio is the measure of the company’s capital structure consisting of equity and debt capital proportions. It is also called an activity ratio because it measures how efficiently a company is using its assets to generate sales for the organization. For capital-intensive businesses is generally very low compared to asset-light companies making the same amount of profits because a capital-intensive business generally has more assets. Profit margin is a very important financial ratio as it has a very strong impact on a company’s stock price.

Pretax Margin Ratio/Earnings Before Tax (EBT)

A high efficiency ratio (over 100%) is a good sign, as employees complete their work in less than the expected amount of time. Business leaders use control ratios to identify changes in company productivity and performance. A high proprietary ratio suggests the company has enough equity in the business to support its normal operations.


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