Central Asian Republics: Gender Assessment Synthesis Report Asian Development Bank

Others teach girls about a wide range of topics — from IT and science to menstruation and virginity, filling the gap in the absence of formal sex education in schools. Turkey also exerts considerable influence in the region on account of its ethnic and linguistic ties with the Turkic peoples of Central Asia and its involvement in the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline.

Major bodies of water include check out this site the Aral Sea and Lake Balkhash, both of which are part of the huge west-central Asian endorheic basin that also includes the Caspian Sea. Regions that are sometimes considered part of Central Asia in light green. From the mid-19th century until almost the end of the 20th century, Central Asia was colonised by the Russians, and incorporated into the Russian Empire, and later the Soviet Union, which led to Russians and other Slavs emigrating into the area. Modern-day Central Asia is home to a large population of European settlers, who mostly live in Kazakhstan; 7 million Russians, 500,000 Ukrainians, and about 170,000 Germans. Stalinist-era forced deportation policies also mean that over 300,000 Koreans live there.

Political and economic relations are growing rapidly (e.g., Turkey recently eliminated visa requirements for citizens of the Central Asian Turkic republics). By a broad definition including Mongolia and Afghanistan, more than 90 million people live in Central Asia, about 2% of Asia’s total population. It has a population density of 9 people per km2, vastly less than the 80.5 people per km2 of the continent as a whole.

  • This report is a synthesis of country gender assessments prepared under a regional technical assistance project covering four Central Asian Republics – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan.
  • Jyldyz Toktorbayeva, with the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Kyrgyzstan, and Ekaterina Gorbunova, with Uzbekistan’s Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations, are effecting change from within the system, through their passion and dedication.
  • The nomadic lifestyle was well suited to warfare, and the steppe horse riders became some of the most militarily potent people in the world, limited only by their lack of internal unity.
  • Despite legislation on the prevention of GBV and domestic violence in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, cultural norms suggest instances of domestic violence be treated as a private family matter.

Central Asia, also known as Middle Asia, is a region of Asia that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to western China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north. It includes the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which are colloquially referred to as the “-stans” as the countries all have names ending with the Persian suffix “-stan”, meaning “land of”. The current geographical location of Central Asia was formerly part of the historic region of Turkistan, also known as Turan. As one sees from my example of the young migrants organizing nikah, religiosity is interpreted by different people differently. I am still puzzled by one of my respondents – she smokes and lives a liberal western modern life such as wearing sexy western cloth, going to nightclubs, drinking and having different lovers and sometimes for money or favors. She stated that her dream is to find a good man who would believe in God and she would wear hijab for him and pray five times if necessary.

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These so-called “barbarians” by the Chinese are far advanced in terms of women’s rights. We know in later periods of nomadic history that women have to right to own property and animals, which is unique in traditional times.

Islamic threat is in the air everywhere by now, and particularly Central Asia, the region which has been recognized as “home” of many terrorists, although I am not sure if those terrorists consider their home as a “home”. The governments of the receiving countries fail to integrate migrants treating migration as a short-term phenomenon and pushing migrants into the shadow of informality and illegality. The absence of future prospects wherever migrants live and work increases the feelings of insecurity, hopelessness, isolation, and despair. One has to always consider background information, family background, economic situation, connectedness, and the environment each and every individual finds him or herself in. In the case of migrants in Russia, both men and women face severe working and living conditions.

Empowering young Central Asian women in the energy sector

Alcoholism, drug addiction, and juvenile delinquency are all epidemic in the region. However, they are only insignificant problems among the indigenous female population of Central Asia, because most women seem to philosophically accept their fate. The first day focused on presenting the existing UN architecture and incorporating gender perspectives in national action plans to prevent and counter violent extremism NAPs and related programmes. It also provided an opportunity for Central Asian Women Parliamentarians to reflect on their PCVE engagement in their respective countries.

Women head less than one third of small and medium business, and less than one fifth of large businesses. Overall, the share of working age women employed or seeking employment is lower than among men across all countries in the region. The black eyeliner known widely today as kohl was used much by both men and women in Egypt from around 2000 BCE—and not just for beauty or to invoke the the god Horus.


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